Academic Editing, Copyediting & Proofreading

Copyediting

Basic copyediting involves editing for grammar, syntax, usage, capitalization, punctuation, spelling, hyphenation, the treatment of numbers (spelled out or written as numerals), abbreviations, and so forth.

Such copyediting usually follows a given style manual, such as The Chicago Manual of Style, and a specific dictionary, for example, Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, 11th ed.

Heavy copyediting, also called line editing, includes rewriting to clarify ambiguity or improve style, recasting tables, light reorganization, and similar actions.